India, officially known as the Republic of India, is a country located in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by land area and the second-most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion people. India shares its borders with Pakistan to the northwest, China and Nepal to the north, Bhutan to the northeast, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. It is also surrounded by the Indian Ocean to the south.

India has a rich history that dates back thousands of years, with various civilizations and empires flourishing on its soil. It gained independence from British colonial rule on August 15, 1947, and adopted a democratic system of government.

India is known for its diverse culture, languages, religions, and traditions. It is home to several religions, including Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Jainism. The country has a pluralistic society that celebrates its diversity.

The Indian economy is one of the fastest-growing in the world, with a significant contribution from sectors such as information technology, pharmaceuticals, textiles, agriculture, and services. Major cities in India include Mumbai (the financial hub), Delhi (the capital), Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, and Hyderabad.

Tourism in India attracts millions of visitors each year who come to explore its historical landmarks, diverse landscapes, and cultural heritage. The country is also known for its iconic landmarks such as the Taj Mahal, Jaipur’s palaces, Kerala’s backwaters, and the ancient temples of Varanasi.

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